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Shanshan ChenJiahuan TangLi FuYong YuanShungui Zhou.Biochar improves sediment microbial fuel cell performance in low conductivity freshwater sediment


发布者:曹海雷    发布时间:2016-06-10    浏览次数:68

 

所有作者:Shanshan ChenJiahuan TangLi FuYong YuanShungui Zhou.

论文题目:Biochar improves sediment microbial fuel cell performance in low conductivity freshwater sediment

来源期刊:Journal of Soils and Sediments

发表日期:09 June 2016

原文链接:

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11368-016-1452-z Abstract:

Purpose

The low conductivity of sediments for mass and electron transport is the most severe limiting factor in sediment microbial fuel cells (SMFCs), so that sediment ameliorations yielded more remarkable effects than electrode improvements. The objective of this research was to enhance the electricity generation of SMFCs with amendments of biochar to freshwater sediments for conductivity enhancement.

Materials and methods

Laboratory-scale SMFCs were constructed and biochars were produced from coconut shells at different temperatures. Variations in the power output, electrode potential, internal resistance, total organic carbon (TOC) content, and microbial communities were measured.

Results and discussion

Amending with biochar reduced the charge transfer resistances of SMFCs and enriched the Firmicutes (mainly Fusibacter sp.) in the sediment, which improved the SMFC power generation by two- to tenfold and enhanced the TOC removal rate by 1.7- to fourfold relative to those without the amendment.

Conclusions

The results suggested that biochar amendment is a promising strategy to enhance SMFC power production, and the electrical conductivity of biochar should be considered important when interpreting the impact biochar has on the electrical performance of soil or freshwater sediment MFCs.


  

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